While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. The fanatic might need to surrender (quit), yet discovers it to a great degree hard to do as such without offer assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. With certain drugs, withdrawal can set off seizures, perspiration, hallucinations, violence and tremors.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Public and leisure forfeiture - Some people abandon their lifestyles to pursue drugs. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. Some consequences to this are blacking out and not being able to remember periods of time and even physical symptoms, like the presence of a persistent cough or sore throat in a heavy smoker.
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. Even cigarettes, which in a few nations, for example, the UK, parts of Europe and the UK cost over '11 for a pack of twenty; a 40-a-day smoker in such a territory should set aside '660 every month, almost '8,000 every year.
Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.
A person, because they indulge in alcohol or drugs may exhibit some or all of the above symptoms and not be certified addicts, but they will not display any of the withdrawal symptoms or the associated craving.