Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is a situation where the person goes back to drug use after making efforts to overcome addiction.
Drug dependency grows from a deliberate choice to take a substance. However, over time, it becomes increasingly difficult for the person not to do so. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It could, but through a complicated process. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. To come back to their old lives and overcome drug addiction totally, many addicts will require repeated or prolonged care periods.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
Stopping to require using the drug
Be a productive member of society, in the family, and at work
Values Of Successful Rehabilitation
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
Treatment should be made available to people whenever they need it.
The entire needs of the patient, not only drug use issues, should be delivered by a good treatment plan.
It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
Psychological and other behaviour remedies are used in treating the habit.
Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
lifelong follow-up in an attempt to prevent relapsing
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
Withdrawal During a detox, medication can assist in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patients who only go through detoxification and don't have any additional treatment typically relapse back into drug use. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. It's really common for addicts to use more than one drug and they will need treatment for each substance.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with:
Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
Learn to exercise healthy life skills
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.
Treatments available in some of these treatment sessions address psychological issues like:
Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
Motivational interviewing has been used to prepare a patient to accept their problem and wants to change their actions by seeking help
contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
Treatment is at times strenuous initially, where a patient attends many outpatient sessions weekly. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Some examples of inpatient treatment environments are:
Therapeutic communities which are exceedingly organised programs in which patients stay at a home, normally for 6 to 12 months. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. People can move onto independent life through recovery housing - it assists them for example to learn financial management or job hunting, while linking them to community based support groups.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. For everyone in treatment, but especially for those in an inpatient program or prison, it's essential to learn how to recognize, avoid, and handle any triggers they may encounter after treatment.